[Translated article] Prognostic Value of Vitamin D Serum Levels in Cutaneous Melanoma

Efecto de los niveles séricos de vitamina D en el pronóstico del melanoma cutáneo


Vitamin D plays a fundamental role in many metabolic pathways, including those involved in cell proliferation and the immune response. Serum levels of this vitamin have been linked to melanoma risk and prognosis. This study aimed to assess the prognostic value of vitamin D serum level in melanoma.

Material and methods

Retrospective, observational, longitudinal, and analytical study of 286 patients with a histologic diagnosis of melanoma in whom serum levels of vitamin D were measured at the time of diagnosis. We analyzed associations between serum level and epidemiologic and clinical variables and pathology findings; we also analyzed the influence of vitamin D on overall survival. An iterative loop was used to identify a vitamin D serum level to test for its an association with survival.


A vitamin D level less than 9.25ng/mL was associated with a histologic finding of ulceration. After a median follow-up period of 39.4 months, 24 patients (8.4%) had died. The cutoff of 9.25ng/mL was associated with lower overall survival according to both the Kaplan–Meier curves and multivariate Cox regression analysis.


Vitamin D levels less than 9.25ng/mL are associated with ulceration in melanoma and serve as an independent prognostic factor for overall survival in this disease.

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