Background and objective
Chronic nodular prurigo (CNPG) is a recently defined and currently underdiagnosed disease with a variety of causes. It is associated with multiple comorbidities, and its management and treatment have improved with a better understanding of its pathogenesis. The aim of this study was to describe our experience with a series of patients with CNPG.
Material and methods
Single-center, observational, retrospective study of the sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of patients with CNPG seen at the dermatology department of a tertiary care hospital between 2009 and 2021.
We included 74 patients, mostly women (63.5%), with a mean age of 57 years. Overall, 39.2% of patients had a concomitant skin condition, mainly atopic dermatitis (62%). Other comorbidities included endocrine disorders (54.1%), cardiovascular disease (44.4%), and psychiatric disorders (36.5%). Skin biopsy helped confirm the clinical diagnosis in 70% of cases. The mean immunoglobulin E level was higher than normal (516IU/mL), regardless of atopic predisposition. On average, patients received three treatments, the most common choices being methotrexate, antihistamines, and topical and oral corticosteroids. Methotrexate was among the most effective options.
CNPG is a complex disease associated with multiple comorbidities. It requires a multidisciplinary approach, with the dermatologist at the center. Classical treatment approaches are probably insufficient.