[Translated article] Nemolizumab: An Innovative Biologic Treatment to Control Interleukin 31, a Key Mediator in Atopic Dermatitis and Prurigo Nodularis

Nemolizumab: un innovador tratamiento biológico para el control de la interleuquina 31 (IL-31) clave en la dermatitis atópica y el prurigo nodular

Interleukin 31 (IL-31) is a neurocytokine that stimulates sensory neurons involved in pruritus. It contributes to skin barrier inflammation, dysfunction, and remodeling. As the immune and nervous systems are interrelated, IL-31 has a key role in the treatment of atopic dermatitis (AD) and prurigo nodularis (PN). Nemolizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody that blocks the α subunit of the IL-31 receptor, modulates the neuroimmune response, and rapidly alleviates itching by directly blocking signaling. It reduces inflammation and lesion severity in AD and PN by restoring epithelial function and promoting skin barrier integrity. This review synthesizes the latest information on the functions of IL-31 and presents the current evidence, including clinical trial results, on the use of nemolizumab in the treatment of AD and PN.

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